Want to study in Sweden? Know some Fast Facts about Sweden as one of the best study abroad destination.
Sweden a North European- Scandinavian country with a population of 9,716,962, is bordered by Norway to the West, Finland to the East, and the Baltic Sea to the South. As common to all Scandinavian countries, Sweden is a cold, yet immensely beautiful, low populated and one the most expensive countries to live in.
Sweden is cold all through the year but there are many regions with mild bearable climatic conditions as well. Summer temperatures in Sweden range between 8 to 17°C. February is usually Sweden's coldest month, with temperatures ranging from -22 to -30°C. In northern Sweden, winter temperatures often drop to -50°C.
Swedish people are primarily of Germanic origin. High percentage of Lapp Sami population (indigenous Finno-Ugric people of north European origin inhabiting the Sápmi region). Other immigrants, include Finns, Yugoslavians, Danish, Norwegians, Dutch, Greeks, and Turkish people. There is a rise in immigrants from Middle-Eastern countries as refugees and asylees.
Swedish being the official language of Sweden is held in high regard followed by German, English and French. Almost 85% percent of Swedish people can speak fluent English. This makes it an attractive destination for students, tourists, and immigrants.
Sweden is an expensive country mostly due to its high tax structure which keeps the welfare of the state well fueled. Sweden is consistently ranked high in global surveys depicting standard of living, happiness index, health and well-being quotient and clean environments. All sorts of living expenses like housing, groceries, food & dining, transportation, shopping, communication, etc are comparatively higher than other European countries.
Sweden has a mixed economic system offering private freedom, combined with government regulation and centralized economic planning system. As a member of the European Union it is a developed, export-oriented economy with a GDP growth rate of 2.3% per year. Its the highest exporter of timber, hydro-power, and iron ore. In recent times, Tourism also owns a large share in its expanding economy.
From employment prospective, Sweden is one of the best countries to work in. It is famous for the unbelievable work-life balance it offers. Because of the employee oriented labor regulations and employment policies there is no scope for exploitation of employees. Employees are expected to put in a minimum number of quality working hours per week with many perks, benefits, allowances, maternity and paternity leaves and a good salary. The Swedish Public Employment Agency supports people who are open to employment.
Sweden Education System
Sweden’s educational system offers pristine environment for global students. The working language of the country is Swedish but 85 % Swedish can speak fluent English, hence, international students have a great scope to settle down in this country.
The academic calendar is divided into two semesters:
Autumn semester which begins- end of August, end- mid-January, with a break in December.
Spring semester begins- mid-January, end- beginning of June.
Degree programs in Sweden
Universities offer programs according to the European standards of education. It includes Bachelor’s, Master’s and PhD programs.
Bachelor’s programs, known as undergraduate programs, enroll students from upper secondary school and are usually to be completed in 3 to 4 years. Master’s programs, also known as graduate programs, are extended specializations of subjects studied during Bachelor’s and can be 1.5 to 3 years long
PhD programs, known as doctoral programs, are research degrees which involve 5 to 8 years of work towards a thesis / dissertation. The duration and setup of PhD programs vary between universities.
A number of courses in a particular field of study at a university lead to a specific degree. Sometimes Courses are known as modules, which are the building blocks of every program. Each semester, students follow one large module along with several other smaller modules.
It is also possible to apply for admission to some courses directly instead of applying to a full degree program. You are only registered for a specific module if you enroll for a course instead of a full degree. If you apply for a full program, you will be enrolled for all the modules included in the total duration of your program.
The Ministry of Education and Research controls the system of higher education. State grants are offered to higher education based on the number of students and their achievements along with extra remuneration for the various other activities carried out in the interest of student welfare. Autonomous institutions receiving governmental grants are not allowed to charge tuition fees. Few institutions which do not receive grants charge tuition fees. These institutions are called private universities.
The Swedish Higher Education Authority supervises the quality of higher education and degree authorization of state universities. It works out legal efficiency analysis and monitors the statistics of higher education. The Swedish Council of Higher Education administers admission to universities and also recognizes and promotes participation in international collaborations.
The National Board of Student Aid is accountable for repayment of student loans and allotment of educational finances to international and local students. Mostly all universities follow the ECTS credit system.On the whole Sweden is a lavish country to study in and one can sense its richness in every aspect.
*Variable- This requirement varies according to the program and university
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